Tag Archive | "University of Miami Institute for Advanced Study of the Americas"

Tags:

Gauging Justice Reform in Mexico


David Shirk

David Shirk, director of Justice in Mexico

By Michael R. Malone
UM News

CORAL GABLES, Fla. (April 28, 2017)–Judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and police are overwhelmingly optimistic that Mexico’s new justice system will boost public trust, increase efficiency, and reduce corruption in the system, according to a new report presented Tuesday at the University of Miami Institute for Advanced Study of the Americas.

David A. Shirk, director of Justice in Mexico, a research and public policy program based at the University of San Diego, provided his insights and an overview of “Justice Barometer 2016: Insider Perspectives on Mexico’s Criminal Justice System,” as part of the Institute’s Research Lunch Series.

“With Justice in Mexico, we’re trying to put our finger on the justice system to know its deficits and strengths,” explained Shirk, an associate professor of political science and international relations. This latest survey, which builds on a series of reports launched in 2009, gauged the perspectives of 700 judges, prosecutors, public defenders, and police across Mexico. The survey is the first of its kind to gauge the perceptions of the “operators” of the system itself.

In June 2016, Mexico completed an 8-year transition that revamped its judicial process from an inquisitorial model – a cumbersome process that presumes guilt and is based on written method – to an oral proceedings model, one presuming innocence and similar to that followed in the United States.

Ninety percent of the operators believe the system needed to be reformed and that the New Criminal Justice System (NSJP in Spanish) will create greater trust in authorities and improve efficiency for a country where only a small percentage of crimes are ever reported.

“What stands out most [in looking at justice in Mexico] is the problem of impunity,” Shirk said. While crime and violence have increased over the past decade in Mexico – figures tripled for the period 2007-11 – only about 1 percent wind up being prosecuted.

Features of the NSJP are overwhelmingly well received with 95 percent of all operators preferring oral proceedings over previously implemented written methods. Eighty percent of all operators believe the new system will reduce corruption; NSJP reduces the potential for forced confessions obtained with no public defender present and places greater importance on physical evidence from crime scenes.

Shirk said that, to his knowledge, no surveys have been conducted of police in the U.S. to gauge their impressions of the U.S. justice system and suggested that grad students looking for riveting research areas might explore this arena.

Shirk, the graduate director of the University of San Diego’s Master’s Program in International Relations, has presented the findings of the study several times in Mexico. Representatives from the Mexican Consulate attended his talk.

To view the report, visit www.justiceinmexico.org.

Posted in NewsComments Off

Tags:

Catalyzing Support for Caribbean Studies


Special to UM News

CORAL GABLES, Fla. (March 29, 2017) – Faculty members whose research focuses on the Caribbean came together at the University of Miami Institute for Advanced Study of the Americas on Wednesday to share current initiatives, evaluate possibilities for cross-disciplinary collaboration, and discuss how the institute can support these efforts.

“There is great potential to do interdisciplinary work and we are very happy to catalyze support,” said Dr. Felicia Marie Knaul, the institute’s director.

Kate Ramsey

Kate Ramsey

The discussion was moderated by Kate Ramsey, associate professor of history and faculty lead for Hemispheric Caribbean Studies at the institute. “Extending cross-disciplinary communication among faculty and graduate students working in Caribbean studies may lead to new collaborative possibilities,” Ramsey noted.

Faculty members from Educational and Psychological Studies, Biology, Modern Languages and Literatures, History, the Cuban Heritage Collection at the UM Libraries, International Studies, English, Musicology, and Obstetrics and Gynecology shared ideas on how to support each other’s work and achieve better communication.

“What does it really mean for us to have an interdisciplinary conversation and produce something that is uniquely UM?” asked Donette Francis, associate professor of English.

Kathleen Sealey, associate professor of biology, added, “We have an obligation and an opportunity to help the Caribbean countries and be their resource.”

As the discussion evolved, Knaul asked the group for a “dashboard of projects” to forge a more robust Caribbean-focused scholarly community at UM. “What we are doing here is reaching out to the Caribbean in a very strong way,” she said.

Posted in Enrichment, Events, NewsComments Off

Tags:

Open Discussion on Caribbean Studies at UM


CORAL GABLES, Fla. (March 29, 2017) – UM faculty members whose research focuses on the Caribbean came together at the University of Miami Institute for Advanced Study of the Americas on Wednesday to share current initiatives, evaluate possibilities for cross-disciplinary collaboration, and discuss how the Institute can support these efforts.

“There is great potential to do interdisciplinary work and we are very happy to catalyze support,” said Dr. Felicia Marie Knaul, the institute’s director.

The discussion was moderated by Kate Ramsey, associate professor of history and faculty lead for Hemispheric Caribbean Studies at the institute. “Extending cross-disciplinary communication among faculty and graduate students working in Caribbean studies may lead to new collaborative possibilities,” Ramsey noted.

Faculty members from Educational and Psychological Studies, Biology, Modern Languages and Literatures, History, the Cuban Heritage Collection at the UM Libraries, International Studies, English, Musicology, and Obstetrics and Gynecology shared ideas on how to support each other’s work and achieve better communication.

“What does it really mean for us to have an interdisciplinary conversation and produce something that is uniquely UM?” asked Donette Francis, associate professor of English.

Kathleen Sealey, associate professor of biology, added, “We have an obligation and an opportunity to help the Caribbean countries and be their resource.”

As the discussion evolved, Knaul asked the group for a “dashboard of projects” to forge a more robust Caribbean-focused scholarly community at UM. “What we are doing here is reaching out to the Caribbean in a very strong way,” she said.

 

Posted in NewsComments Off

Tags: ,

How Female Business Leaders Succeed



A conversation with Belén Garijo and Felicia Marie Knaul

By Alexandra Bassil
UM News

Garijo-Knaul

Belén Garijo, left, and Felicia Marie Knaul share a laugh at the inaugural Women’s Leadership Forum.

CORAL GABLES, Fla. (March 23, 2017)—During Women’s History Month, the University of Miami Institute for Advanced Study of the Americas and the School of Business Administration’s Center for Health Sector Management and Policy and Women in Business Group presented real-world tips and advice at the institute’s inaugural Women’s Leadership Forum. The topics ranged from career success and work/life balance to other issues affecting women globally.

During his welcoming remarks to over 50 students, faculty, staff, and guests, School of Business Interim Dean Anuj Mehrotra highlighted the importance of the forum. UM President Julio Frenk said that women are at the heart of the University’s education and engagement efforts, and introduced Belén Garijo, CEO of healthcare and executive board member for Merck KGaA in Darmstadt, Germany. Frenk also mentioned Garijo’s leadership and her corporation’s support of “Healthy Women, Healthy Economies,” an initiative designed to promote good practices to enhance women’s economic participation by improving women’s health.

Institute Director Felicia Marie Knaul, also a professor at the Miller School of Medicine, started the Q&A session by asking Garijo to share advice after her long career as a physician-scientist in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and life sciences industry, and as CEO of Merck KGaA over the past six years. At Merck, Garijo is responsible for the health care business sector, comprising the biopharma, consumer health, allergopharma, and biosimilars businesses.

“From day one you are in charge of your career and must be willing to take the challenges and make them opportunities,” said Garijo. As an example, she said after earning her medical degree in Spain, a surplus of physicians made it difficult to begin a practice. With that realization, she decided to take an opportunity to start as a clinical researcher in the pharmaceutical industry. Garijo also advised the attendees not to let others influence their desire to achieve career success and to network as much as possible.

Knaul also brought up work/life balance, to which Garijo advised seeking employers that have flexible working models, telecommuting, and parental leave so having a family life is possible. In addition, they discussed Garijo’s commitment to increase gender diversity in management and emphasized that success is usually driven by a top-down approach.

Garijo also shared Merck’s role as the only private sector company to join the “Healthy Women, Healthy Economies” initiative. The socially responsible company chose the project to impact women’s lives in developing countries in an effort to address access to health care, gender-based violence, birth control and the safety of women.

Closing remarks and a recap were offered by the founder of the Women in Business Group, Ann M. Olazábal, vice dean of Undergraduate Business Education and professor of business law. In her remarks, Knaul mentioned that future Women’s Leadership Forum guests will include singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman Gloria Estefan, a UM alumna; Indra Nooyi, CEO of PepsiCo; and Kathleen Sebelius, former U.S. secretary of Health and Human Services.

 

Posted in News, Priority: Home Page More NewsComments Off

Tags:

Faculty Awarded Grants to Advance Scholarship across the Americas


Special to UM News

CORAL GABLES, Fla. (January 12, 2017)—Nine proposals from 25 University of Miami professors have been awarded grants for multidisciplinary research groups and individual projects from the University of Miami Institute for Advanced Study of the Americas (UMIA). UMIA grants are intended to encourage interdisciplinary discussion and research on key challenges facing the Americas, including Latin America, the Caribbean, immigrant populations of and in the region, and Miami as a hemispheric hub.

Twenty-two submissions from 67 faculty members were reviewed by a multidisciplinary committee comprised of five faculty members from the College of Arts and Sciences, the Miller School of Medicine, the Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science, and the School of Communication. Among the criteria considered were quality, impact, breadth, innovativeness, inter-disciplinarity, sustainability, and the balance of grant awards among academic units and geographic emphases.

The research groups to be supported by the grants include the following:

Language and Democracy in the Americas:  Otávio Bueno, Department of Philosophy; Tracy Devine Guzmán, Department of Modern Languages and Literatures; Kunal Parker, School of Law, conveners. | Christina Civantos, Ralph Heyndels, Lidiana de Moraes, Department of Modern Languages and Literature, College of Arts and Sciences |Romy Lerner, Gema Pérez-Sánchez, Ileana Porras, School of Law.

Building upon the Language and Democracy discussion group and conference organized and hosted at the University of Miami in 2013, the project will examine how linguistic diversity challenges, enriches, empowers, and endangers democratic projects and processes across diverse temporal and geographic contexts.

Toward a Geographic Clearinghouse of Intimate Partner Violence Services and Community Determinants in Miami-Dade County:  Justin Stoler, Department of Geography and Regional Studies, College of Arts and Sciences | Jessica Williams, School of Nursing and Health Studies |Donna Coker, School of Law | Nick Petersen, Department of Sociology, College of Arts and Sciences.

The project creates an Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) knowledge base that will serve as an important public resource for linking IPV and health care providers, and act as a reference guide for local residents in need of assistance. The clearinghouse will also provide a platform for future research exploring disparities in community-level IPV indicators and resources.

The University of Miami-Organization and Method College Collaboration to Establish a Multifaceted Research Infrastructure for Public Health: Viviana E. Horigian, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, convener. |Eddy Pérez, Miller School of Medicine, Organization and Method College of the Dominican Republic | Hermes Florez, Kathryn McCollister, Sunil Rao, Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Miami Miller School of Medicine | Nelson Arboleda, country director, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Dominican Republic.

The project generates dialogue and collaborative exchange leading to the formulation of research questions, design, and methods for studying cardiovascular disease in the Dominican Republic.

In addition to the research groups, the faculty members below received grants to initiate or continue individual research projects.

Conquering Distance: Argentina and the Fortunes of Steam-Age Globalization, 1860-1910: Eduardo Elena, Department of History, College of Arts and Sciences.

The Novel 1960s: Form and Sensibility in Caribbean Literary Culture:  Donette Francis, Department of English, College of Arts and Sciences.

Empowering Local Comadronas in Indigenous Guatemala: A Tool for Sexual and Reproductive Health: Victoria Orrego Dunleavy, Department of Communication Studies, School of Communication.

Does Democracy Breed Relief? Governance, Mosquito Abatement, and Zika in the Americas: Michael Touchton, Department of Political Science, College of Arts and Sciences.

Blood and Stone: Afro-Cuban Religious Interventions for HIV Awareness, Education, and Treatment: Martin Tsang, University of Miami Libraries.

In addition, Patricia Saunders, Department of English, College of Arts and Sciences, was the recipient of the grant for a Book Manuscript Workshop. Her book, under contract with Rutgers University Press, is entitled Buyers Beware: Epistemologies of Consumption in Caribbean Popular Culture.

“Faculty grants play a key role in advancing scholarship and strengthening the University’s focus on Latin American and Caribbean studies,” said Dr. Felicia Marie Knaul, UMIA director. “We are excited to support these multidisciplinary projects that address a number of challenges across the Americas.”

UMIA’s mission is to create and share knowledge bridging the Americas, strengthening the myriad areas of the University of Miami undertaking research pertaining to the hemisphere.

 

Posted in Honors, News, Priority: Home Page More NewsComments Off

  • Features
  • Tags
  • Popular
  • Subscribe
  • Subscribe to the Veritas RSS Feed
    Get updates to all of the latest Veritas posts by clicking the logo at the right.

    You can also subscribe to specific categories by browsing to a particular section on our site and clicking the RSS icon below each section's header.

UM Facebook

UM Twitter